What to sow in June

What to sow in June

The month of June sees the summer heat arrive in the garden, which avoids the risk of late frosts and allows the cultivation of most of the vegetables in the open field. For this reason, in June it is sown mainly in the field, without resorting to the repaired seedbed, which is used in the coldest periods to anticipate the crops. Obviously, the situation is different if you garden in the mountains or in particularly cold areas.

The sowings of June concern mainly the vegetables that will be the protagonists of the autumn harvest such as cabbages (of all kinds, from cauliflower to cabbage), leeks, and pumpkins. Among the aromatic herbs it is time for parsley, basil and sage. Summer vegetables, on the other hand, could also be planted now, but we are a bit late: it was ideal to put them in recent months to have a longer harvest period.

Among the sowings in June we also list a series of short-cycle crops that can be grown for most of the year, so it is advisable to carry out a periodic gradual sowing: these are salads such as rocket, songino, lettuce and chicory, carrots and radishes.

The garden in June: moon and sowing

Wanting to follow the lunar calendar it is advisable to sow the vegetables of which the aerial part interests us, such as those from berries or fruit, during the growing phase, which is said to favor the development of the leaf and fruiting part, while the "underground" vegetables such as roots and bulbs, and those from the leaves of which it is feared the early whipping, better to place them with a waning moon.

Here's what to sow in the garden in June








Black cabbage




Chard from ribs



Green beans

Rocket salad







The cauliflower


Grumolo salad


Chicory for cutting





Here are some vegetables you can sow in June: ribs, beets, broccoli, cauliflower, sprouts, cabbage and savoy cabbage, radishes, rocket, mizuna, lettuce, endive, catalonia, chicory, thistles, carrots, cucumbers, courgettes and pumpkins, tomatoes, sweet and spicy peppers, fennel, beans and green beans, peas, leeks and celery. Among the aromatic herbs we can sow chamomile, sage, basil, rosemary, parsley.

June is also an optimal month for transplants of what was sown in the seedbed during the previous months. You can put seedlings of pumpkins and courgettes, tomatoes, peppers and aubergines, herbs and strawberries in the garden.

Matteo Cereda2020-06-30T10: 17: 06 + 02: 00
  1. Flavio Tenani1 June 2016 at 12:42

    For the first time, I am undertaking the work of the garden.
    I state that I do not know anything and I would like to learn by following your advice, thanks

  2. Sergio1 May 2017 at 15:38

    I've been doing the vegetable garden for a few years, but there is always something to learn.?

    • Matteo Cereda5 June 2017 at 10:24

      Very true! Man has been cultivating for millennia and has not yet understood everything, and that's right.

  3. George12 June 2018 at 15:10

    So even climbing green beans I can still sow ... I thought it was already a bit late

    • Matteo Cereda12 June 2018 at 16:23

      Hi Giorgio, it all depends on the climate: Italy is long and the general indications are necessarily indicative. As green beans sowing now generally better the dwarf varieties rather than climbing ones, they have a faster crop cycle and this compensates for the delay in the sowing period.

  4. Rinaldo10 June 2019 at 15:45

    Thank you for the continuous stimuli and very useful reminders, then as often happens to those who work in the garden ... you learn by working in harmony with the times and natural cycles bye bye Rinaldo

  5. Riccardo11 June 2019 at 20:33

    But how can I establish the degree of ripeness of the carrot?

    • Matteo Cereda12 June 2019 at 8:38

      Hello Riccardo. The first thing you need to know is that the carrot does not actually ripen: it is a root and not a fruit, so it gets bigger but is always edible even when it is small. The important thing is not to make it old, otherwise it is fibrous. In light of this, you should collect the carrots when they have a sufficient size, you can see it by observing the plant and at the limit by inspecting the first centimeters of earth with your finger.

  6. Daniele2 June 2020 at 19:05

    Good evening, so if in the traps that I have placed on the olive trees I see in addition to the normal flies, the smaller Moschino is the signal that we must act quickly ... do you have any advice on how to behave?

    • Matteo Cereda4 June 2020 at 14:32

      Hi Daniele, you can read the article dedicated to the olive fly.

  7. Marica3 June 2020 at 7:24

    I sowed carrots in May. In the same square meter two strips have grown very well and the other three have not. It is not strange?

    • Matteo Cereda4 June 2020 at 14:33

      I don't have enough elements to give you feedback, sorry. I have not seen your carrots, I do not know how you sowed them and how the rows differ.

  8. Cristina3 June 2020 at 7:32

    Thanks for your suggestions

  9. Isabella3 June 2020 at 7:59

    Hi Matteo I have to thank you because this year my garden is giving me a lot of satisfaction thanks for your advice. I wanted to ask you why my lemon plant that still in a pot loses its many leaves and are yellowish

    • Matteo Cereda4 June 2020 at 14:35

      Hi Isabella, the yellowing of lemon leaves can have various causes. Very often it is due to iron deficiency, which is sometimes accentuated by too calcareous soil. You could check the pH of the soil and water you use to irrigate, fertilize by providing iron and see if you can solve it.

  10. Faith nucci3 June 2020 at 8:34

    Good morning! Thanks for the valuable advice. I would like to ask a question: I would like to plant lavender, when is this possible? thanks a lot

    • Matteo Cereda4 June 2020 at 14:38

      The best time to plant lavender is spring, but you can also do it in June, just be careful that there is never a lack of water in the soil on hot summer days.

  11. George3 June 2020 at 8:48

    Your newsletters help me to follow the cultivation practices of the garden and for this I thank you ... I have a problem: the seeds especially the small ones and almost nothing grows, flowers, cucumbers, basil and more I suspect that ants if they take them away because I have many that go around the garden ... it's possible and what can I do ... I tried with chilli but it doesn't seem to have improved the situation.

    • Matteo Cereda4 June 2020 at 14:41

      Hi Giorgio, even the mint macerate is unwelcome to ants and you can experiment with it, in any case you can choose to plant in a jar, in order to have the seed under control and to field seedlings already formed in the garden.

  12. Another problem3 June 2020 at 19:45

    I transplanted some varieties of tomato just today from the seedbed into small pots (I have a garden on the balcony). Will I have to replant them in larger pots as soon as they grow up? Should I spray them with copper sulphate before flowering?
    Another problem. In a large pot I had planted some beans (not creepers) next to this pot there was one containing some roses that had fallen ill with insects. I have treated the roses with suitable pesticides and it seems that the rose plants have healed. Only I noticed that green patches appeared on the leaves of the beans. Can I do the same treatment as roses for insects? Because I fear that the beans are also infected with the same insect. Thanks and congratulations for your advice.

    • Matteo Cereda4 June 2020 at 14:48

      Hi, I can't tell you what you mean by "small" with respect to pots: I recommend keeping tomatoes in pots of at least 30 cm in diameter and as many in depth, if your pot is smaller it is better to move them.
      I recommend that you give copper sulphate only if you have a reason (climatic conditions that favor pathologies), there is no general rule.

      Regarding the treatment, I cannot answer you because I do not know what treatment you have performed, nor which insect has infested your plant. I do not recommend using products that are not allowed in organic farming and if the insects are aphids you can use several non-toxic natural remedies that are always preferred.

  13. alessandra16 June 2020 at 13:11

    Hello I planted some zucchini on the balcony, 5 plants but they only make flowers, am I doing something wrong? I sowed them. Thanks

    • Matteo Cereda16 June 2020 at 21:29

      Hi Alessandra if you don't see fruit it's a matter of pollination, maybe not many bees arrive on your balcony. You can take a small brush and manually move pollen from the male flower to the female flower.

  14. Joseph20 June 2020 at 0:04

    Hello can I have some advice I would like to know if I am in time to sow chrysanthemums to be ready for the dead grz

    • Matteo Cereda21 June 2020 at 7:46

      hi Giuseppe, honestly I can't tell you. Compared to ornamental plants I don't have much competence. Maybe some readers will be able to answer you.

  15. gabriella scurti23 June 2020 at 10:14

    hello, I thought I was TOO late because of the isolation, but I see that there is a lot to do. thank you so much. Gabriella.

    • Matteo Cereda23 June 2020 at 12:19

      Hi Gabriella, there is almost always something to do in the garden (apart from the months of extreme frost). Good job :-)

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