Observing nature brings many teachings: we can see that a forest lives quietly without any farmer going to fertilize it, one of its secrets is the reuse of falling leaves as food.
The leaves are organic substances that serve to enrich the soil.
We can try to imitate this miracle by reusing the leaves that fall in the fall in our garden. Let's try to give you some advice on how to do it.
How to use the leaves
Mulch. Dried or composted leaves are a good material for covering the soil around vegetable plants, reducing the growth of weeds, retaining moisture in the summer months and protecting the roots from the winter cold.
Ground cover. If you work the soil in October November it is a good idea not to leave the soil bare during the winter months, so as not to freeze it too much. It can be covered with autumn foliage. In spring, the leaves will be raking up making a pile and will then be useful again for compost and mulching.
Compost. In the compost pile the leaves are an excellent material, generally quick to decompose (however it depends on the type of leaf) and not prone to forming unhealthy rot and to smell. After a few months the heap can be incorporated into the soil enriching it with organic substance.
What types of leaves to use
There are resistant leaves that decompose very slowly, for example the laurel (who has a hedge will already know it), beech and magnolia. Better to choose oak, elm, maple, ash, chestnut leaves. Pine needles and conifers in general, on the other hand, are to be avoided because they make the soil acidic, they can be useful in cases where a corrective pH is necessary.