Sowing garlic in cloves: distances, depth, moon

Sowing garlic in cloves: distances, depth, moon

Garlic is a cultivation that should not be missing in any good garden for many reasons. In addition to being excellent in the kitchen and rich in beneficial properties for the body, it is also an excellent companion for other horticultural plants. In fact, many insects and bacteria that can attack our crops find the presence of garlic in the garden unwelcome and are kept away from this crop.

Let's see below how to best sow the cloves in the garden, highlighting all the important information: planting depth, right period and also moon phase indicated by the peasant tradition. For those who want a broader overview of the entire cultivation, even after planting, I recommend reading the guide to garlic cultivation.

To tell the truth, talking about sowing garlic would not be very correct, since usually the cloves are placed in the ground, rather than the seeds, however in common parlance we often talk about sowing garlic. To be precise we should say "plant the garlic“.

How to plant the cloves

The most popular sowing method for garlic is reproduction by wedge, the garlic plant is generally unable to produce fertile seeds, but at the end of the article we will also talk about the exceptions. Clove multiplication also has the advantage of being asexual and therefore each clove of garlic propagates a plant exactly the same as the mother plant, keeping the variety unchanged.

When the plant is picked, a complete head is removed from the ground (the so-called head of garlic), which can be easily divided into many slices. Each of these can be planted the following year and is capable of giving life to a plant, which will in turn allow for a new complete head of garlic at the end of cultivation.

How to sow. The garlic clove must be placed in the ground with the tip facing upwards. The sprout of the plant comes out from the top, while the roots come out from the opposite end. If the garlic is placed in the right direction, the young seedling is saved a lot of effort, immediately favoring vigorous development. The garlic to be sown must not be peeled: put the clove complete with the tunic that covers it, in this way it will be less subject to rot and parasites, since the tunic will act as natural protection.

Planting depth and distances to put the garlic

The garlic it goes about three centimeters underground, where the climate is more rigid, it can be planted even at 4 cm, in particular if sowing in November and therefore must spend the entire winter in the field.

These measures already include the length of the clove In some cases, you can put garlic even with the tip of the ground, but a "blanket" of a few millimeters of earth is useful for sheltering the garlic from the cold, even if the clove is very resistant to frost and can even withstand -15 degrees below zero.

Distances to put the garlic

To allow each plant to have the space to develop properly and all the nutrients available it is necessary leave a minimum of 10 centimeters between one wedge and the other.

The rows must be spaced at least 20/25 centimeters between them. If we create a one meter wide flowerbed in the garden we can fit 4 parallel rows of garlic. This planting layout is optimal both in the home garden and in professional crops.

Period of sowing of garlic

Garlic can be planted in autumn (October or November) or at the end of winter (January, February or early March). The best time to plant the cloves depends on the local climate and the type of variety chosen.

The clove is very resistant to low temperatures and can withstand -10 and even -15 degrees, but where winter is very harsh, it is better to avoid planting in autumn.

Better to plant in November or January?

A popular proverb says:

"Whoever wants a nice hickory, put it in January"

There is also an answer:

"Who knows, put it in November"

There are infinite dialect variations of these two proverbs. An example:

"Par un bon ajée ... Métal gió al més da genée!"

The truth is that there is no single answer: it depends on which variety of garlic we are planting and above all on the climate of our area. In extremely cold places it is better to wait for January if not February, in other cases it is very good to have garlic in the field in November.

In what phase of the moon to plant the cloves

Being a bulb vegetable, which grows below ground level, if you want to follow the peasant tradition it is necessary to sow garlic in the waning moon phase.

The waning moon phase is the one that begins after the full moon and precedes the new moon, it is said that in this period the development of the underground part of the plant is favored, of which the garlic bulb is obviously a full part. The growing phase, on the other hand, would favor the aerial part, so the leaves are mounted to seed.

It should be remembered that the lunar influence in agriculture is not scientifically proven but it is based on the centuries-old experience of farmers, each deciding whether or not to believe in the value of the lunar calendar on sowing and transplanting.

Before planting: soil and tillage

Ideal terrain. Garlic requires a soil that is not too compact: if the soil is light and loose, the bulb does not encounter difficulties in development and a good size crop will be obtained, while in a heavy soil the cloves remain small. Good drainage is also important, since too much humidity and stagnation can lead to fungal diseases.

Fertilization. This plant is satisfied with a small dose of nitrogen, which is why it does not require a great deal of fertilization and particular care must be taken not to overdo it with manure or manure. If you plant following the cultivation of plants that are "greedy" for nutrients and therefore richly fertilized, the garlic is satisfied with the residual fertility. Alternatively, you can sprinkle well-ripe compost and incorporate it into the ground at the time of processing.

Processing. Since garlic loves loose soil, it is good practice to dig deep, moving well and breaking the clods. You can also do two digging before planting the cloves. The seedbed does not need to be refined much, since the clove is of a good size, just level it. Better to remove the largest stones from the ground because they can hinder the development of the bulbs.

Are there garlic seeds?

Those who grow garlic almost always resort to planting the clove, in reality there are two other methods to multiply the plant, even if most of the ai cultivated today can only be reproduced by means of a clove.

Some varieties of garlic produce a floral scape which develops a flower containing both the seed that the cloves. The clove is placed in the ground in a similar way to the clove, even the seed in the ground can give life to a new plant. The difference between the methods of propagation is that by giving garlic from the seed, sexual reproduction is practiced: it is therefore possible that there are variations in the genetic heritage, while clones of the mother plant are always born from cloves and cloves. Reproduction from seed is used in the laboratory, to select new varieties of garlic, while those who cultivate the vegetable garden generally prefer the clove, which is more convenient and quick.

The floral scape develops above all on red garlic seedlings, those who do not want to take the seeds must cut it immediately to prevent the plant from wasting energy to flower, reducing the quality and size of the bulb. The young scape is very good to eat and sought after for culinary use.

Video: Garlic Experiment: Grocery Store vs Seed Stock