Edible flowers

Edible flowers

When designing a vegetable garden it is very important to insert flowers, in the guides to organic cultivation you will often find it indicated, given that they are an important factor of biodiversity and have the role of attracting useful insects, starting with pollinators.

But we must not only grow flowers because they are useful, first of all the flowers are beautiful and brighten the environment, be it a vegetable garden, a balcony or a garden. In addition to all this, it must also be said that there are many edible flowers.

Next to salads and vegetables we can quindi sow flowers to eat, discovering new aromas and flavors and coloring the dishes with colorful petals. Let's find out over 30 edible flowers, actually this list is a simple idea: there would be many more to add to the list.

The important warning that needs to be done before listing the various flowers to use in the kitchen, is be sure you have correctly identified the plant. As always when it comes to edible plants, making mistakes can have dangerous consequences, obviously if you eat vegetable flowers it is much more difficult to make mistakes, while to collect wild plants you need a good botanical knowledge.

Edible vegetable flowers

Some plants that we already have in the garden they have edible flowers, in some cases even very good. Did you know?

By learning to value flowers too, you can taste something different than usual, even if you have to be careful, remembering that picking the flower means giving up the fruit.

In the case of courgette flowers and courgette flowers, which are probably the most famous flowers in the garden, you have to be careful about this ... Since the flowers in this case have masculine and feminine, it is better to pick the masculine flowers , leaving some as pollinator, while the female flowers that have the task of evolving into fruit must be left. You can learn more by reading the article on how to pick courgette flowers.

There are vegetables that are grown precisely for the flower: the sunflower is the most evident, but also capers and artichokes.

Some salads have interesting flowers, which maintain a characteristic taste of the leaf: chicory, with bitter flowers, and rocket, with pleasantly spicy flowers. To pick the flowers, however, you have to wait for these biennial plants to bloom, usually in the garden you choose to remove the plant before flowering.

To have patience to wait for flowering while sacrificing the harvest are also noteworthy the flowers of the liliaceae: the floral scape of some varieties of garlic is delicious and even leeks and onions have flowers with a characteristic smell. The fennel flower is also particular.

A list of edible garden flowers:

  • Garlic flowers
  • Chicory flowers
  • Capers
  • Artichokes
  • Fennel flowers
  • Sunflowers
  • Leek and onion flowers
  • Radish flowers
  • Courgette flowers
  • Zucchini flowers

Edible ornamental flowers

Even in the flower beds of the garden you can find some flowers to eat: from the many applications of rose buds to the hibiscus used in herbal teas. Gladioli and jasmine are also edible, the nasturtium is curiously spicy.

Here are some examples of edible flowering ornamental plants:

  • Carnation
  • Jasmine
  • Gladiolus
  • Jasmine
  • Hibiscus
  • Nasturtium
  • Pink
  • Violet

Aromatic flowers

Among the aromatic herbs we find many species that produce edible flowers, flowering usually retains the flavor of the leaves, because it has a content of the same essential oil. Typically it is small flowers, harvested in ears, not very spectacular but excellent in the kitchen.

In the perennial aromatic plants of the Lamiaceae family, we therefore find the flowering plant every year and we can decide to pick the entire branch, including flowers, for example, for example mint, rosemary and oregano.

Basil is a separate case because its flowering is good to keep it cut, in order to better stimulate the production of leaves, when we cut the flowers we can still decide to use them in the kitchen.

Even the umbellifers (chervil, coriander, fennel) offer spicy and particular flowers.

The beautiful lavender flower has multiple uses, in cosmetics and for making perfumes, but it can also be used as food, for example in desserts and bread making.

Saffron is perhaps the flowering with the highest economic value, but only the stigmas are used of the beautiful flowers of crocus sativus.

List of edible flowers from herbs

  • Dill flowers
  • Basil flowers
  • Chervil flowers
  • Coriander flowers
  • Chive flowers
  • Fennel flowers
  • Lavender
  • Mint flowers
  • Oregano flowers
  • Rosemary flowers
  • Sage flowers
  • Saffron

Edible wild flowers

In uncultivated meadows or in the under wood it can happen to meet spontaneous edible flowers, the tastiest are dandelions (dandelions) and delicate violets, but the borage flower that tastes of cucumber is also worth trying.

With the dandelion harvesting the buds it is also necessary to experiment with the preparation of pickle.

If we want to collect flowers to eat in nature, however, we must be sure you can recognize plants correctly in question, to avoid intoxication due to incorrect identification of the species.

Some very common wild flowers that can be eaten:

  • Borage flowers
  • Daisies
  • Dandelion flowers
  • Clover flowers

Medicinal flowers

Medicinal plants are species with particular properties, beneficial for the body and can be used as a natural medicine. It is not easy to box flowers in categories, so plants already mentioned such as oregano, borage, dandelion and many more could also be listed in this category.

Marigold has a tasty flower and a beautiful intense yellow orange color, a must try the petals in salads. Mallow and chamomile are medicinal plants well known for the properties of their decoctions.

  • Marigold flowers
  • Mallow flowers
  • Chamomile flowers

Video: DIY Edible Flower BiscuitsCookies